Kamakura, Japan Bandō Sanjūsankasho

 

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The Bandō Sanjūsankasho is a series of 33 Buddhist temples in Eastern Japan sacred to Goddess Kannon. Bandō is the old name for what is now the Kantō region,Donald Richie used in this case because the temples are all in the Prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama, Tokyo, Gunma, Ibaraki, Tochigi and Chiba. As is the case with all such circuits, each location has a rank, and pilgrims believe that visiting them all in order is an act of great religious merit.
Started by Minamoto no Yoritomo and his son Sanetomo, the Bandō Sanjūsankasho is just one of 70 different Kannon pilgrimage circuits existing in Japan, each including 33 temples because the Goddess is believed to have 33 different manifestations. Sugimoto-dera in Kamakura is number one, Zushi's Gandenji's is number two, An'yō-in in Kamakura is the number three, the famous Hasedera in Hase number four, and so on. From its beginning at Sugimotodera to its end in Chiba's Nagodera, the circuit is over 1300 km long. Even though women were allowed to pray at individual temples, the circuit was originally reserved to male pilgrims. Now however most of the pilgrims are women. Pilgrims leave behind a slip of paper or a sticker as a proof of their visit, and many of these can be seen plastered on temple walls and pillars.Iso Mutsu

The 33 temples of the Bandō Sanjūsankasho circuit

Temple Honzon Location Coordinates Image
1 Sugimoto-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Kamakura, Kanagawa
2 Ganden-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Zushi, Kanagawa
3 An'yō-in Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Kamakura, Kanagawa
4 Hase-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Kamakura, Kanagawa
5 Shōfuku-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Odawara, Kanagawa
6 Hase-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Atsugi, Kanagawa
7 Kōmyō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara) Hiratsuka, Kanagawa
8 Shōkoku-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara) Zama, Kanagawa
9 Jikō-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra) Tokigawa, Saitama
10 Shōbō-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Higashimatsuyama, Saitama
11 Anraku-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara) Yoshimi, Saitama
12 Jion-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Saitama, Saitama
13 Sensō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara) Asakusa, Tokyo
14 Gumyō-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Yokohama, Kanagawa
15 Chōkoku-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Takasaki, Gunma
16 Mizusawa-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Shibukawa, Gunma
17 Mangan-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Tochigi, Tochigi
18 Chūzen-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Nikkō, Tochigi
19 Ōya-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Utsunomiya, Tochigi
20 Saimyō-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Mashiko, Tochigi
21 Nichirin-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Daigo, Ibaraki
22 Satake-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Hitachiōta, Ibaraki
23 Shōfuku-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra) Kasama, Ibaraki
24 Rakuhō-ji (楽法寺) Enmei Kannon Sakuragawa, Ibaraki
25 Ōmi-dō Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Tsukuba, Ibaraki
26 Kiyotaki-ji (清滝寺) Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara) Tsuchiura, Ibaraki
27 Enpuku-ji (円福寺) Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Chōshi, Chiba
28 Ryūshō-in Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Narita, Chiba
29 Chiba-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Chiba
30 Kōzō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara) Kisarazu, Chiba
31 Kasamori-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha) Chōnan, Chiba
32 Kiyomizu-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Isumi, Chiba
33 Nago-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja) Tateyama, Chiba

Sources

Wikipedia, OpenStreetMap

Details

Bandō Sanjūsankasho