East Afghanistan, Afghanistan Mount Sikaram


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Mount Sikaram is a mountain on the Afghanistan–Pakistan border, south of the Kabul River and Khyber Pass. At 4755m, it is the highest peak of the Spīn Ghar, or Safēd Kōh, mountain range.


Mount Sikaram is located north of the village Peiwar in Kurram Agency. Its parent range, Spīn Ghar connects directly with the Shandūr offshoot of the Hindu Kush mountain system. Atop the range, temperatures can fall below 0C at any time of the year.
A small valley on the slope of Mount Sikaram encompasses a number of villages, districts, and tribal regions—many historically significant—including Peiwar, Alizai, Tari Mangal, Narai, Speena Shaga, and Khewas. The Gawi Pass, also known as the Peiwar Kotal Pass, runs between the Kurram Valley and Afghanistan's Aryub Valley; it connects the Paktia Province of Afghanistan with the Kurram Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.


  • 1878 British forces were victorious over Afghan forces and seized control of the Peiwar Pass in the Battle of Peiwar Kotal.

  • 1878-1879 British surveyor George Batley Scott climbed the mountain during a campaign to survey Afghanistan.



Mount Sikaram