New York City, New York St. George

 

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Richmond County Bank Ballpark

from Wikipedia by Hannahgoldstein Cc-by-sa-3.0

St. George is a neighborhood on the northeastern tip of Staten Island in New York City, where the Kill Van Kull enters Upper New York Bay. It is the most densely developed neighborhood on Staten Island, and the location of the administrative center for the borough and for the coterminous Richmond County. The Staten Island terminal of the Staten Island Ferry is located here, as well as the northern terminus of the Staten Island Railway. St. George is bordered on the south by the neighborhood of Tompkinsville and on the west by the neighborhood of New Brighton.

History

Colonial days

Fort Hill, one of the hills overlooking the harbor, was the location on Duxbury's Point or Ducksberry Point NYPL Old Names on Staten Island fortified by the British during the American Revolutionary War. The area was primarily rural through the early 19th century.
The name was derived not from the dragon-slaying saint, but from George Law, a developer who acquired rights to the waterfront at bargain prices. According to island historians Charles Leng and William T. Davis, it was only after another prominent businessman, Erastus Wiman, promised to "canonize" him in the town's name that Law agreed to relinquish the land rights for a ferry terminal. In the late 1880s, Wiman operated the Staten Island Amusement Company in the neighborhood, offering public athletic events, an illuminated fountain, and pageants. The St. George Cricket Grounds was part of that complex, but only lasted a few years.

The heyday

In the 1830s, the area facing the Kill Van Kull became a fashionable resort area, with the construction of several elegant hotels along St. Mark's Place across from the present site of Curtis High School (the oldest high school on Staten Island). The grandest and last of these hotels was the Hotel Castleton, built in 1889 and destroyed by fire in 1907. In 1918, the Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences moved to its present location in the neighborhood. The United States Coast Guard operated a facility in the neighborhood until moving to Governors Island in 1967. The Office Building and U.S. Light-House Depot Complex was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. In the early 20th century the neighborhood grew rapidly: municipal ferry service to Manhattan began in 1905. The neighborhood had several elegant buildings by the architectural firm of Carrère and Hastings. These included a branch of the New York Public Library (1906), the present Staten Island Borough Hall (1906), and the Richmond County Courthouse (1919).
In 1924, the "Saint George" telephone exchange was established in the new North Staten Island building of New York Telephone; this became "SAint George 7" when New York City's service underwent a major upgrade six years later. This three-digit prefix, now identified by numbers — "727" — is the only one of five exchanges which existed immediately prior to the aforementioned upgrade that is still in service on the island (in addition to St. George itself, this numeric designation is encountered in many other North Shore communities, as far away as Mariners Harbor to the west and South Beach and Grasmere to the south).

Revival

The community underwent a revival in the late 1990s and property values have continued to rise since 2000. In 1994, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated a St. George Historic District. The historic district consists of 78 houses and one church—St. Peters Roman Catholic, the oldest parish on Staten Island—and is a mix of Victorian styles, such as Queen Anne, Shingle style, Colonial Revival, and Tudor. Currently, the area of Fort Hill comprises the remains of the streets and homes where the descendants of the Tompkins, Westervelt and Low families lived. Here originally stood the mansion of Vice President and former New York State Governor Daniel D. Tompkins, the Anson Phelps-Stokes mansion and the Daniel Low mansion. Another prominent landowner was August Belmont, whose name is enshrined in Belmont Place. Many of the houses remaining today represent the homes and summer homes of the Low-Tompkins extended family and friends.
The residential Fort Hill area is home to many professionals who commute daily to Manhattan on the ferry, and includes many well-tended examples of Victorian, Tudor, and art deco architecture, in addition to one house modeled after a Spanish castle. Another popular upscale residential development, Bay Street Landing, abuts the bay between the ferry terminal and the head of Victory Boulevard. Many condominium buildings are currently being built along the shore, and near the ferry terminal, as they offer unsurpassed views of lower Manhattan and easy access via the free Staten Island Ferry.
The National Lighthouse Museum and the adjacent St. George post office are immediately south of the St. George Terminal. The renovated St. George Terminal has panoramic views of the harbor and incoming ferries. The Richmond County Bank Ballpark, the home of the Staten Island Yankees, a minor league farm club of the New York Yankees, opened in 2001.
The Hyatt Street side of a municipal parking lot faces the St. George Theater. This part of the lot is noted for the greenmarket held on it during spring, summer and fall. The lot encompasses a paved-over graveyard of the former quarantine hospital; the remains were reburied nearby.
Empire Outlets, an outlet mall being constructed in St. George, is expected to open in spring 2019. The mall is located next to the site of the unbuilt New York Wheel, a 625ft tall giant Ferris wheel that was canceled in 2018. The two projects initially went through the approval process simultaneously and shared consultants on issues such as traffic and the waterfront, but were separate projects with separate funding.

Culture

Staten Island Museum

from Wikipedia by User:Hannahgoldstein Cc-by-sa-3.0

Museums and memorials

The Staten Island Institute of Arts & Sciences is located two blocks west of the Staten Island Ferry Terminal. It explores the arts, natural science, and local history of the island.
In 1997, lighthouse organizations across the United States banded together to create a National Lighthouse Museum, to tell the story of the United States Lighthouse Service. The museum features interactive exhibits and displays on the history, technology, and architecture of lighthouses, lightships and other aids to navigation, from primitive fire beacons to the Global Positioning System. The site selected is the old USLHS/US Coast Guard “super depot” at St. George, which was the major center for lighthouse supply, maintenance and experimentation for nearly 150 years. The site consists of 10acre of waterfront property with five historic USLHS buildings, a public plaza and an 850ft pier.
The St. George waterfront is the location of the Postcards September 11 memorial.

Fine arts

In 2007, several media reports noted that artists and musicians were moving to Staten Island's North Shore so they could be near Manhattan but afford more space to live and work.

St. George Theater

Hyatt Street and the unassuming exterior of the St. George Theater

from Wikipedia by Hannahgoldstein Cc-by-sa-3.0

Construction began on the 2,800-seat St. George Theater in August 1928; the doors of this picture palace and office complex opened on December 4, 1929. The cost was $2 million, $500,000 of which was for the theater. The project was the brainchild of Solomon Brill, who owned several other theaters on the Island and 15 in the greater New York area. He envisioned the St. George as a show house to rival Manhattan's cinema palaces, and promised to bring top-of-the-line vaudeville to the borough for 75 cents a ticket. Brill sold the theater within three years to William Fox, whose name lives on in the Fox Television Network and 20th Century Fox film studio.
The main architect was Eugene De Rosa; he was assisted by Staten Island resident James Whitford, who was known as the “dean of Staten Island architects.” Whitford also designed the Ritz, Liberty and Victory theaters, none of which exist today. The ornate interior of the St. George Theater was designed by Nestor Castro, the art director for the Libman-Spanjer Corporation, which designed the interiors of many theaters in the Times Square area. The interior is a variety of Spanish and Italian Baroque styles. The movie and vaudeville house outshone most of its competitors, including Manhattan's Capitol Theater on Broadway. The St. George Theater has unobstructed seating, a $25,000 Wurlitzer organ, an advanced cooling and heating system, one of the largest cantilevered balconies ever built, velvet seats, gilded balconies, and grand staircases.
Renovated in 2004, St. George Theatre is a landmarked building. A variety of activities, including educational programs, architectural tours, television and film shoots, concerts, comedy, Broadway touring companies, and children's shows take place there.

In popular culture

When the movie industry was centered on Long Island, scenes in many films were shot on Staten Island, and several actors had residences in St. George, or built houses for their relatives.
Among St. George's recent appearances is the murder scene in Brian De Palma's 1973 film Sisters with Margot Kidder playing twins, which took place in the apartment building on Hamilton Avenue between Stuyvesant Place and Academy Place. The opening scenes of the 1981 horror film Wolfen starring Albert Finney were shot in St. George, and the area has served as a stand-in for many nameless small towns, as in the low-budget 1984 film Death Mask starring Farley Granger as a medical examiner obsessed with identifying a young boy found dead. The finale of the 2003 Jack Black film School of Rock was filmed at the St. George Theater.

Transportation

The St. George Terminal is the hub of most Staten Island bus routes. All local bus routes feed into St. George except for the . St. George is also the terminal for the Staten Island Railway and the Staten Island Ferry.
St. George is expected to be served by the NYC Ferry's St. George route beginning in 2020.

Sources

Wikipedia, OpenStreetMap

St. George