Turkey, Turkey Castles in Turkey Mini Guide by Fatima Yilmaz

Ottoman sultans, Bizantine emperors and Armenian Kings, you name it! There are some fascinating castles to explore in Turkey.

source: Triposo

 
The Ishak Pasha palace is an Ottoman-period palace whose construction was started in 1685 by Colak Abdi Pasha, the bey of Beyazit province, continued by his son and completed by his grandson. The palace is built on a hill on the side of a mountain 5 km (3 mi) east of Doğubeyazıt. It is one of the most distinguished and magnificent examples of the 18th century Ottoman architecture.

Ishak Pasha Palace

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source: Triposo

 
Mamure Castle is a medieval castle in the Anamur District of Mersin Province. The castle was built by the rulers of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia on the foundations of a fourth-century Roman castle. Designed to protect against pirates, it was repaired during the Byzantine era and during the Crusades. The castle has three main courtyards - the west, the east and the south. The western courtyard contains a small complex of a single minaret mosque and a ruined Turkish bath. The southern courtyard has the remains of a lighthouse.

Mamure Castle

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Yedikule Zindanlari is a museum in Istanbul in the Yedikule fortress. The name means "Fortress/Dungeons of the Seven Towers". Sultan Yildirim Bayezit built this fortress in 1393 on the ruins of a Byzantine temple dedicated to Zeus, in the Golden Gate of Istanbul. When the Gate lost its function as a gate, and for much of the Ottoman era, it was used as a treasury, archive, and state prison.

Yedikule Zindanlari

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source: Triposo

 
Anadoluhisarı is a fortress in Istanbul on the Anatolian (Asian) side of the Bosporus, which also gives its name to the quarter around it. It was built between 1393 and 1394 by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I "The Thunderbolt" as part of his preparations for the Second Ottoman Siege of Constantinople, which took place in 1395. Sultan Bayezid built it on the ruins of a temple of Uranus Originally named Güzelcehisar

Anadoluhisarı

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Rumelihisarı is a fortress located in the Sarıyer district of Istanbul, Turkey, on a hill at the European side of the Bosphorus. It gives the name of the quarter around it. It was built by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II between 1451 and 1452, before he conquered Constantinople. Rumelihisarı is situated at the narrowest point with 660 meters of the Bosphorus strait, just opposite of Anadoluhisarı (Anatolian Castle) on the Anatolian side.

Rumelihisarı

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The castle of Amouda is a crusader castle in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (in Osmaniye Province of modern-day Turkey). The castle was granted to the Teutonic Knights in 1212 (Barber 2008) and rebuilt by them in the 13th century to serve as their local headquarters in Armenia. It also earned revenue for the Teutonic Order from the surrounding land. According to contemporary sources (Wilbrand van Oldenburg), the castle provided shelter for 2000 people during an invasion by the Mamluks.

Amouda

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source: Triposo

 
Yılankale (Turkish for "Snake Castle") is a late 12th–13th century Armenian castle in Adana Province of Turkey. It is known in Armenian as Levonkla after its founder—King Leo (Levon) I the Magnificent (r. 1198/9-1219) of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. It has been described as the "most perfectly preserved Armenian castle" of the Çukurova (Cilicia) region, and it's open to the public.

Yılankale

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source: Triposo

 
Bagras or Baghrās in ancient Pagrae, is a town and nearby castle in the İskenderun district in the Amanus Mountains. The castle of Pagrae was erected by emperor Nikephoros II Phokas, then rebuilt about 1153 by the Knights Templar.

Bagras

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