York, United Kingdom The Most Beautiful Historic Sites in York Mini Guide by David Blair

York has always been a crossroad of history with Roman, Viking and Norman settlements. Up to the modern day, many cultures have left their mark on this popular historic tour destination.

source: Triposo

 
York Castle is a fortified complex comprising a sequence of castles, prisons, law courts and other buildings on the south side of the River Foss. Built over the past nine centuries, the now-ruinous medieval Norman castle is commonly referred to as Clifford's Tower. Built originally on the orders of William I to dominate the former Viking city of York, the castle suffered a tumultuous early history before developing into a major fortification with extensive water defences. After a major explosion in 1684 rendered the remaining military defences uninhabitable, York Castle continued to be used as a jail and prison until 1929.

Clifford's Tower

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source: Triposo

 
The Jorvik Viking Centre is a museum created by the York Archaeological Trust in 1984. It is based on excavations found onsite.

Jorvik Viking Centre

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source: Triposo

 
Barley Hall is a reconstructed medieval townhouse. Originally built around 1360 by the monks of Nostell Priory, it was later extended in the 15th century. The property went into a slow decline. It was bought by the York Archaeological Trust in 1987, renamed Barley Hall, and heavily restored.

Barley Hall

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source: Triposo

 
The Abbey of St Mary is a picturesque ruin of a Benedictine abbey located in the York Museum Gardens. Once one of the richest Benedictine monasteries in Yorkshire, St Mary's Abbey was closed during the dissolution of the monasteries under Henry VIII.

St Mary's Abbey

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source: Triposo

 
York Minster is one of the largest cathedrals in Northern Europe. The minster is the seat of the Archbishop of York, the second-highest office of the Church of England. The title "minster" is attributed to churches established in the Anglo-Saxon period as missionary teaching churches, and serves now as an honorific title.

York Minster

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source: Triposo

 
The Richard III Museum is located in the tallest of the four gatehouses, Monk Bar. It presents to visitors the life of Richard III, the last king of the Plantagenet dynasty. The museum contains a medieval execution chamber, a working portcullis which visitors can operate, and what is said to be the world's smallest prison cell.

Richard III Museum

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Multangular Tower

 
The Multangular Tower is a ten-sided stone tower originally forming part of York’s Roman legionary fortress and now located in the gardens of the York Museum. The original Roman walls of York probably included eight defensive towers and were built in the late second or early third centuries AD. Originally there would have been three floors on the inside and a roof on top.

Multangular Tower

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