SM City North EDSA is a shopping mall located at the intersection of North Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) in Quezon City, Philippines. It is the second largest shopping mall in the Philippines and the fifth largest in the world in terms of leasable area but third largest habitable. The mall is operated by SM Prime Holdings, a local company in the Philippines, and the biggest retail and mall operator in Southeast Asia. SM City North EDSA opened on November 25, 1985 with an original concept offered a variety of tenants and flagship stores. The mall's redevelopment began with the opening of The Block in July 2006, went into high gear with the launching of newly modernized Annex in December 2008, and the opening of the Sky garden in May 2009. The Car Park Plaza transformed into a lifestyle center in 2009. SM City North EDSA, a work in progress with the renovation of the City Center, and the development of the North Link. The SM City North EDSA was constructed at a challenging period in the Philippines' political history with a gross floor area of 120,000 square meters in 1985. As of January 28, 2014, the newly expanded SM Megamall has surpassed the SM City North EDSA as the largest shopping mall in the country. SM City North EDSA is also named as the largest solar-powered shopping mall in Southeast Asia for the installation of 5,760 solar panels. 2015 marks the mall's 30th anniversary.
SM City North EDSA facade.
The lot chosen for retail development in 1978 was originally swampy and remotely located. At that time, SM Prime Holdings Inc. chairman, Henry Sy Sr., recognized it as a potential crossroads for regional traffic coming to and from the northern provinces of Luzon and surrounding suburban areas in Metro Manila. Construction started in 1983 and the "The SM Supermarket North EDSA" period began. The mall opened on November 25, 1985. It was the first mall built by SM Prime Holdings Inc. and at that time had a gross floor area of 125,000 square meters contained within the main building surrounded by an outdoor parking area. It was conceptualized to be a self-contained "city within a city" hence SM City..
As more tenants and entertainment venues were added, The SM City North EDSA then came to be known as the mall that institutionalized the "one-stop" shopping concept in the Philippines. It was the first to introduce "malling" as a pastime in the Philippines. A 4-level carpark, also known as the Annex 1, was constructed in 1988; with the lower ground floor converted into an enclosed retail space. Another level was also added on its main mall. In 1989, a two-floor annex, also known as Annex 2 was built providing more leasable space, a bowling alley and four additional movie houses. The main building and the annexes were expanded with a lower ground level, and the first level of The Carpark Plaza was converted into Cyberzone, a section reserved mainly for technology and gadget retail.
Over the years, SM City North EDSA had seen four expansions and redevelopment, including the construction of Annex 3, which opened in 2006. In July 2006, Annex 3, also known as The Block was opened featuring a hypermarket, its flagship toy store, an additional four movie theaters, retail shops, and restaurants. On February 8, 2007, as part of its massive redevelopment plan, Annex 2 was completely demolished and construction of a new building started. Annex 2 was reopened on December 12, 2008.
On November 25, 2010, SM City North EDSA commemorated its 25th year as the first SM supermall.
SM City North EDSA Complex
Since its inception in 1985, construction of the original Car Park Plaza in February 1988 and the second Annex Building in 1989, SM City North EDSA Complex’s edifice are composed of the City Center, Interior Zone including the Car Park Plaza, The Annex, The Block, the Sky Garden, the Northlink, the former Warehouse Club building including the open parking lot situated east of The Block and The Grass Residences. The latter is interconnected by a series of footbridges linked to different sides of the main mall structure.
City Center (Main Building)
The City Center viewed from the neighboring Trinoma mall
Opened on November 25, 1985, the original building consisted of only three floors. Its original structure has evolved through the years. A fourth floor has recently been added to keep up with demand. The newly renovated city center has spherical skylights. As the hub of the retail complex, the City Center has various retail establishments, including the mall's main anchors: The SM Store and the SM Supermarket. It is also the hub of leisure anchors such as SM Foodcourt, an entertainment center, and a newly modernized cineplex that incorporate the country's second IMAX Theater. The main dining establishments of the City Center are situated on the second level, where they break through the frontage in a sequence of linear casements which overlook the Sky Garden.
Interior Zone (Annex 1)
The Car Park Plaza or Annex 1 was the first additional building, built in February 1988. The original structure was a four-level parking lot. In the 2000s, two additional levels were constructed to accommodate more vehicles and to integrate the newly constructed The Block. The Car Park Plaza features the first outlet of the Cyberzone, which was later moved to The Annex building, and an additional 8,000 parking slots. The building is connected to the main mall with a footbridge located at the second floor. Today, the former Car Park and Cyberzone has been transformed into a "lifestyle center", named the Interior Zone, which opened in July 2009 and planned by Architects EAT from Australia, the 300 meter long "lifestyle center" is a shop for furniture, houseware, decor, upholstery, wallpaper, tiles and lighting fixtures. Also on the Annex 1 is a solar power plant located on the seventh level which features the installation of 5,760 solar panels that can generate up to 1.5 MW of power, which makes SM City North EDSA as the world's largest solar-powered shopping mall.
The Annex (Annex 2)
The original Annex building was built in July 1989 consisting of three floors, as an expansion to the City Center. It featured close to 200 shops and restaurants; aside from four additional movie houses it also catered a bingo hall, an amusement center and a bowling alley. The lower ground floor (or basement) also served as the former administration office of SM City North EDSA along with a few beauty clinics and a junior anchor, Hardware Workshop. A footbridge was constructed at the left side of the City Center to have easy access to the mall. On February 20, 2002, the four movie houses was closed and on February 8, 2007, the whole annex was closed and demolished as part of SM City North EDSA Complex's redevelopment plan. In December 2008 it reopened with high-end retails stores, specialty restaurants, a Cyberzone, a game arcade and a new bowling center. The annex building measured 90,000 square meters. Like The Block, the Annex has an exterior with undulating aqua marine ribbon consisting of perforated metal panels. The Annex has a curvilinear atrium, which stretches its length. In June 2009, SM City North EDSA reopened its bowling center located at the lower ground floor.
The Block (Annex 3)
The Block was opened in July 2006, this 76,405 square meter mall has five levels of retail shops and restaurants, four high-digital cinemas, and a 10,000 square meter SM Hypermarket on the ground level. The Block's architectural design is centered on a large oval countryard, which has become a location for events and products launches. This is crisscrossed by multiple bridges on several levels and is lit through large circular skylights. Bridge connections integrated The Block with the existing mall and carpark areas.
The North Link (Annex 4)
The North Link is a six-story building located between the City Center and Interior Zone, construction started in September 2009. This mixed-use structure was envisioned to accommodate different types of tenants with business process outsourcing and private offices along with retail stores. Originally opened in July 2010, it also houses the SCMC Administration Office. An open deck at the topmost part of the building is provided for private functions for the mall. As part of the concept of inter-connectivity and accessibility, North Link is linked by a bridgeway to different parts of the complex. The structure was completed in a period of five months, from foundation to water tightness. This was achieved through a mix of old and new technologies, the use of utilized wall system allowed for the simultaneous installation of exterior walls and window panels while the floors were being completed.
The Sky Garden is a long, elevated curvilinear park. Opened in May 2009. This roof garden has about 55 species of plants, grass and trees that grow on a special type of soil that offers a lightweight effect on the structure. It has a special type of drainage system that allows it to conserve water. The Sky Garden's water features include two bubblers, a simulated river flowing at the center, and waterfalls at the end of the second floor, which was as a screen onto which promotional montages can be projected. One of the Sky Garden's feature is the Sky Dome, which became an entertainment venue.
The Warehouse building situated on a two-hectare lot within the SM City North EDSA Complex, houses the former Super Sale Club. Sometime in 2008, it was leased to one of its junior anchor, the Ace Hardware that later moved to The Annex. Today, Kotse Network leases a portion of the Warehouse building. Part of the building was converted into a parking lot for its valet service. Meanwhile, expansion plans for the former Super Sale Club warehouse would potentially add another 30,000 to 50,000 square meters of gross floor area and will include a new retail, commercial and business-process outsourcing module.
The Grass Residences
Another area for development inside the SM City North EDSA Complex is the 5-hectare Grass Residences. A five-tower residential-condominium building encompasses the complex, where an old military camp used to stand.
SM Cyber West Avenue
The SM Cyber West Avenue is a 15-level structure that covers more than 42,000 sqm of GFA, and around 22,700 sqm of GLA for office space. The building will be linked via bridgeways to the SM North EDSA Mall as well as nearby MRT stations. It targeted primarily for a business process outsourcing or BPO companies which houses Emerson Electric, Concentrix and Convergys. It will rise on a highly visible 2,910 sq m. property at the corner of the main EDSA thoroughfare and West Avenue. The remaining leasable area mostly found in the ground and second levels will feature a Save More supermarket and other support retail and commercial establishments.